Definition of relief sculpture
a type of sculpture that gives the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane
Examples of relief sculpture in the following topics:
- As a result, relief sculpture was generally used to decorate the walls of buildings—particularly Hindu and Buddhist temples—and was accomplished on a very large scale.
- Most of ancient Southeast Asian relief sculpture was done in bas-relief, where the projecting images have shallow overall depth, although the kingdom of Champa in southern and central Vietnam excelled in haut-relief sculpture, which was marked by much greater depth and undercut areas.
- In addition, a group of 160 panels of monumental relief sculpture provides a complete illustration of the law of karma or the principles of cause and effect.
- The earliest surviving example of Khmer narrative bas-relief sculpture comes from the 10th-century Hindu temple of Banteay Srei, which has carved tympana and towers depicting scenes from the great Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
- The most famous example of Khmer bas-relief sculpture is undoubtedly at the 12th-century Hindu temple of Angkor Wat, which has 13,000 square meters of narrative bas-reliefs on the walls of its outer gallery .
- Sculpture and architecture were intimately connected in Southeast Asia and monumental reliefs were used to decorate the walls of buildings.
- Most remarkable among these was Kushite relief sculpture, which adorned the walls of palaces or pyramids.
- Lazare a masterpiece of Romanesque art is the quality of Gislebertus' sculpture that appears on dozens of capitals in the nave and chancel: including scenes from the Bible carved in stone in a very particular style.
- Lazare contains the tympanum (1130–1135), signed Gislebertus hoc fecit (meaning Gislebertus made this) within the portico which is ranked among the masterpieces of Romanesque sculpture in France .
- The sheer size of the tympanum required that double lintels support it with a middle column to further support the sculpture.
- In the Last Judgement, Gislebertus successfully integrated the modern view of heaven and hell and created a sculpture that would act as a visual educational device for individuals that were illiterate.
- The tympanum would have inspired terror in believers that passed beneath it and viewed the detailed high relief sculpture.
- Massive cylindrical piers, groin vaults and low-relief sculptural decoration support rounded arches, arcades, characterize Romanesque churches.
- Other characteristic features include columns composed of multiple shafts and high-relief sculpture, usually of a more naturalistic character than found in Romanesque decoration.
- Their temples did not contain a frieze for relief sculpture and the pediments were only sometimes decorated with pedimental sculpture.