Europe and America in the 1700s and Early 1800s
A Restructuring of Society: Industrial, Intellectual, and...
Neoclassicism was a revival of the styles and spirit of classic antiquity that coincided with the developments of the Age of Enlightenment.
Rococo salons are known for their elaborate detail, serpentine design work, asymmetry, predisposition to lighter, pastel, and gold-based color palettes.
Painting and Sculpture
Rococo style, employing more ornate elements, originated as a reaction against the strict rigidity of the Baroque style in the 18th century.
Church Decoration and Architecture
18th century Rococo architecture was a lighter, more graceful and decorative version of Baroque architecture.
34.3 Neoclassicism in Italy
The Grand Tour and its Portraits
The Grand Tour was a customary trip to Europe undertaken by wealthy Europeans and some Americans.
Rome’s connections to classical antiquity made it an important site for the Neoclassical movement during the 18th century.
34.4 Neoclassicism in Britain
The Classical Revival
Neoclassicism refers to movements in the arts that draw inspiration from the “classical” art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
The Gothic Revival
The Gothic Revival was an architectural movement that began in England during the 1740s.
Artistic Conventions in Painting
Neoclassicism was a movement in the arts that drew inspiration from the “classical” art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
34.5 France in the Late 1700s
In its purest form, neoclassicism is a style principally derived from the architecture of Classical Greece and Rome.
Painting and Sculpture
Eighteenth-century French painting and sculpture was dominated by the Rococo and Neoclassical styles of art.
34.6 Spainish Art
Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was a prominent Spanish painter and printmaker from the Romantic period.
Spanish Art in the Americas
Art in the Americas during the 18th century is characterized by a synthesis of European and Indigenous styles.
34.7 Neoclassicism and Romanticism
Foundations of Romanticism
Romanticism, fueled by the French Revolution, was a reaction to the scientific rationalism and classicism of the Age of Enlightenment.
France and Spain
Neoclassicism and Romanticism were competing artistic movements in France and Spain in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Landscape painting in Europe and America greatly increased in prominence in the 18th and particularly the 19th century.
Gothic Architecture and Sculpture
Gothic Revival began in England the the 1740s, swept through Europe, and drew from medieval roots.
Neoclassicism and Romanticism were major, interrelated artistic movements in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.