The Paleolithic Period
Paleolithic Architecture: Shelter or Art?
The oldest examples of Paleolithic dwellings are shelters in caves, followed by houses of wood, straw, and rock.
Paleolithic Artifacts - Art?
Unlike artifacts from the Upper Paleolithic, artifacts from the Lower and Middle periods remain disputed as objects of artistic expression.
Cave paintings demonstrate early humans’ capacity to give meaning to their surroundings and communicate with others.
Paleolithic sculptures found in caves are some of the earliest examples of representational art.
Venus figurines, made during the Paleolithic Period, are the earliest known works of figurative art.
The oldest African art dates to the Mesolithic and late Upper Paleolithic boundary and includes mostly rock-art.
Art in Western Europe
Western Europe was particularly bountiful for archaeological discoveries, such as the Venus figurines, from the Paleolithic.