Neoclassicism was the dominant artistic style of the Enlightenment period and drew inspiration from the classical art and culture of Ancient Greece and Rome.
The Grand Tour was a customary trip to Europe undertaken by wealthy Europeans and some Americans.
Rococo salons are known for their elaborate detail, serpentine design work, asymmetry and predisposition to lighter, pastel, or gold-based color palettes.
Rococo style in painting echoes the qualities evident in other manifestations of the style including serpentine lines, heavy use of ornament as well as themes revolving around playfulness, love, and nature.
18th century Rococo architecture was a lighter, more graceful, yet also more elaborate version of Baroque architecture.
Neoclassicism refers to movements in the arts that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
Neoclassical painting, produced by men and women, drew its inspiration from the classical art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
A reaction against the "frivolity" of the Rococo, Neoclassical sculpture depicts serious subjects influenced by the ancient Greek and Roman past.
Neoclassical architecture looks to the classical past of the Graeco-Roman era, the Renaissance, and classicized Baroque to convey a new era based on Enlightenment principles.
Romanticism, fueled by the French Revolution, was a reaction to the scientific rationalism and classicism of the Age of Enlightenment.
Romanticism was a prevalent artistic movement in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Landscape painting in Europe and America greatly increased in prominence during the 18th and particularly the 19th century.
The Gothic Revival was an architectural movement beginning in England during the 1740s that sought to revive medieval forms.
The Empire style refers to art created under the rule of Napoleon that was intended to idealize the French Empire.
The Empire Style reflects Napoleon's desire to reshape France in the model of the Roman Empire.
Beaux-Arts architecture expressed the academic neoclassical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies of art.
Realism, an artistic movement that began in France in the 1850s, rejected Romanticism, seeking instead to portray contemporary subjects and situations with truth and accuracy.
Two important figures in the Realist movement were Gustave Courbet and Jean-Francois Millet.
The Pre-Raphaelites were a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848.
Impressionism is a 19th century movement known for its paintings that aimed to depict the transience of light, and to capture scenes of modern life and the natural world in their ever-shifting conditions.
Édouard Manet, a French painter, was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.
Impressionist painting broke from the traditions of the Academie, favoring everyday subject matter, exaggerated color, thick paint application, and an aim to capture the movement of life as opposed to staged scenes.
Modern sculpture is generally considered to have begun with the work of French sculptor Auguste Rodin.
Modernism was a philosophical movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that was based on an underlying belief in the progress of society.
Post-Impression refers to a genre that rejected the naturalism of Impressionism in favor of using color and form in more expressive manners.
Cézanne was a French, Post-Impressionist painter whose work highlights the transition from the 19th century to the early 20th century.
Vorticism, an offshoot of Cubism, was a brief modernist movement in British art and poetry of the early 20th century.
Symbolism was a late 19th century art movement of French, Russian, and Belgian origin.
Art Nouveau was an international style of art and architecture that was most popular from 1890–1910.
Building materials spawned by the Industrial Revolution, such as iron, steel, and sheet glass, determined new architectural techniques.
Modern architecture adhered to Louis Sullivan's famous precept, "form follows function," which called for an absence of ornamentation beyond functional necessity.
The Chicago School of architecture is famous for promoting steel-frame construction and a modernist spatial aesthetic.
Camera photography was invented in the first decades of the 19th century.