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The branch of art history which studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images.
The ruins of a Pre-Columbian Mayan walled city are situated on 12-meter tall cliffs in Tulum in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. A mural can still be seen on the eastern wall that resembles the Mixteca-Puebla style of art.
Puebla, a state located in East-Central Mexico, originated from the city of the same name founded by the Spanish in 1531. In pre-Columbian times, the region was inhabited by ethnicities including the Mixtecs. The term Mixtecs (or Mixteca) comes from the Nahuatl word mixtecah, meaning "cloud people. " One of the major indigenouscivilizations of Mesoamerica, today they inhabit the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Guerrero and Puebla in the La Mixteca region. They are the fourth largest indigenous group in Mexico, although many have emigrated out of traditional Mixtec areas into other parts of the state, Mexico City and even the United States.
The work of Mixtec artisans was well-regarded throughout ancient Mesoamerica. Primarily producing work in stone, wood,and metal, they are well known for their "Codices," or phonetic pictures in which was written their history and genealogies. They were also known for their exceptional mastery of jewelry, particularly gold and turquoise. Mixtec goldsmiths played an important role in the tributes paid to the Aztecs during the height of the Aztec Empire. and are examplesof Mixtec-Puebla work.
Mixtec-Puebla style Pipe with Bluebird, A.D. 1100-1400
Mexico, Western Oaxaca or Puebla
Mosaic Skull, 1400-1521
Bone/ivory/horn/shell/bamboo, Human skull with turquoise, jadeite, and shell
Archeologists classify "Mixteca-Puebla" art as distinct from other Mixtec arts and crafts. This variant of artistic style and iconography, commonly found in pottery, became associated with traits of the Toltec archaeological tradition in Mesoamerican culture during the early post-classic period (800-1000). Using vast trading networks, the Mixteca-Puebla style of art spread from Cholula, a city located in the center west of Puebla, to other areas in the Valley of Mexico and eventually Mesoamerica .
Large Mixteca-Puebla style bowl
Preserved in the Museum of the Americas, Madrid, from the late Postclassic Mexico.
Source: Boundless. “The Mixteca-Puebla Tradition.” Boundless Art History. Boundless, 27 Jun. 2015. Retrieved 27 Jun. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/the-americas-after-1300-ce-31/mesoamerica-190/the-mixteca-puebla-tradition-693-8419/