Ecology of Ecosystems
Ecosystems are controlled both by external and internal factors; they can be both resistant or resilient to ecosystem disturbances.
Food Chains and Food Webs
A food web describes the flow of energy and nutrients through an ecosystem, while a food chain is a linear path through a food web.
Research into Ecosystem Dynamics: Ecosystem Experimentation
Many different models are used to study ecosystem dynamics, including holistic, experimental, conceptual, analytical, and simulation models.
Research into Ecosystem Dynamics: Modeling
Conceptual models describe ecosystem structure, while analytical and simulation models use algorithms to predict ecosystem dynamics.