IMPORTANT UPDATE — Feb. 24, 2020: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s new public charge rule took effect on Feb. 24, 2020, and applies nationwide, including in Illinois. On Feb. 21, the U.S. Supreme Court allowed the rule to temporarily take effect in Illinois — following the Supreme Court’s Jan. 27 ruling that excluded Illinois — while legal challenges to the rule remain pending.
The new rule affects people applying for green cards and visas from within the United States, through a process known as “Adjustment of Status.” For those applying for green cards and visas from outside the United States — through “Consular Processing” — see this Boundless guide.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) today published a list of corrections to its “public charge rule” — most notably regarding its treatment of military families who have used certain public benefits — just two weeks shy of the controversial policy’s effective date, Oct. 15. Although DHS has touted its 65 corrections as “technical,” critics argue that the changes pertaining to military families are substantive enough to trigger a requirement that would delay the rule’s effective date by at least a month.
What the rule initially said about military families
When the final language of the public charge rule was originally published in the Federal Register on Aug. 14, it stated that enlisted, active-duty, and Ready Reserve service members in the U.S. Armed Forces who are non-U.S. citizens would not be penalized for using the government benefits considered for public charge determinations — such as food stamps, Medicaid, and federal housing assistance — and neither would their family members. But non-U.S.-citizen spouses and children of military service members who are U.S. citizens were not included in this exemption, meaning their use of public benefits could put their future in the United States at risk.
What the rule says now
On Oct. 2, DHS announced it “inadvertently” excluded from the exception the spouses and children of U.S. citizens serving in the military. DHS corrected paragraph (b)(7) of section 8 CFR 212.21 of the regulation to include this segment of the population in the exception, which now specifies “spouses and children of individuals serving in the U.S. Armed Forces” (emphasis added by Boundless). “Individuals,” in this case, include both non-U.S. citizens and U.S. citizens in the military.
A way to avoid delay?
Critics called the rule “sloppily written,” saying there’s no clear reason why family members of U.S. citizens would be subjected to more scrutiny than family members of non-U.S. citizens.
In the revision document, DHS stated that its corrections, mostly typos, are “technical” and not “substantive.” Critics argue, however, that this move is an attempt by DHS to skirt the Congressionally mandated public-notice requirement to delay the effective date of the rule by at least 30 days in order to allow for public comment (sections 553(b) and 553(d) of the Administrative Procedure Act). That means the rule would instead go into effect Nov. 14 at the earliest.
Citing the requirement, DHS stated that the agency “believes there is good cause for publishing this correction document without prior notice and opportunity for public comment and with an effective date of less than 30 days because DHS finds that such procedures are unnecessary.”
Boundless co-founder and immigration policy expert Doug Rand said the large number of changes is unusual.
“It’s pretty rare to see such an overwhelming volume of errors made in a final rule, and that tells you something about the integrity and assiduousness of the rule-making process,” Rand told ProPublica.
Making it harder for legal immigrants
The public charge rule, which is designed to reduce legal immigration, is expected to affect some 1 million green card and visa applicants within the United States each year, plus millions more abroad.
Under the new rule, DHS will judge green card applicants and even some temporary visa applicants based on a complex set of criteria to determine whether they are likely at any time in the future to rely on government support.
“This is an example of the government trying to obfuscate something critical that affects families’ lives, especially those giving the most to our country,” said Boundless CEO Xiao Wang.
Boundless is constantly monitoring changes to the U.S. immigration system to help keep you informed. Stay up to date by following Boundless on Twitter or Facebook, so you can be alerted as soon as more official details come to light.
- Official USCIS page on the DHS public charge rule
- Forbes interview with Boundless co-founder Doug Rand on how this policy would affect both families and employers
- Boundless analysis, Houston Chronicle op-ed, and NBC News story on how this policy could separate nearly 200,000 married couples each year
- Austin American-Statesman op-ed and stories in Politico, Wired, and the Wall Street Journal on how this policy could harm U.S. businesses
- Letter from over 120 business leaders opposing the public charge rule as devastating to business growth, economic vitality, and U.S. competitiveness
- Boundless report demonstrating that the public charge rule is unlawful and would cost up to $13 billion per year