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Despite the theoretical benefits of socialist economic systems, there are also disadvantages that may arise in application.
Evaluate how key components of socialism, such as state ownership of the means of production and the centralization of capital, can be disadvantageous to an economy
Disadvantages of socialism include slow economic growth, less entrepreneurial opportunity and competition, and a potential lack of motivation by individuals due to lesser rewards.
Critics of socialism claims that it creates distorted or absent price signals, results in reduced incentives, causes reduced prosperity, has low feasibility, and that it has negative social and political effects.
Economic liberals and pro-capitalist libertarians see private ownership of the means of production and the market exchange as natural entities or moral rights, which are central to their conceptions of freedom and liberty.
Any of various economic and political philosophies that support social equality, collective decision-making, distribution of income based on contribution and public ownership of productive capital and natural resources, as advocated by socialists.
The system of production and distribution and consumption.
The overall measure of a currency system.
Austrian school economists, such as Friedrich Hayek and Ludwig Von Mises, have argued that the elimination of private ownership of the means of production would inevitably create worse economic conditions for the general populace than those that would be found in market economies.
Without the price signals of the market, they state that it is impossible to calculate rationally how to allocate resources.
Economic liberals and pro-capitalist libertarians see private ownership of the means of production and the market exchange as natural entities or moral rights which are central to their conceptions of freedom and liberty.
They, therefore, perceive public ownership of the means of production, cooperatives and economic planning as infringements upon liberty.
Some of the primary criticisms of socialism are claims that it creates distorted or absent price signals, results in reduced incentives, causes reduced prosperity, has low feasibility, and that it has negative social and political effects.
Critics from the neoclassical school of economics criticize state-ownership and centralization of capital on the grounds that there is a lack of incentive in state institutions to act on information as efficiently as capitalist firms because they lack hard budget constraints, resulting in reduced overall economic welfare for society.
Economists of the Austrian school argue that socialist systems based on economic planning are unfeasible because they lack the information to perform economic calculations in the first place, due to a lack of price signals and a free-price system, which they argue are required for rational economic calculation.
Thus, Socialism can have several disadvantages:
The national economy develops relatively slowly;
There is an inability to obtain the upmost profit from the use of resources, labors and land;
Places that have a geographical advantage lose chances to develop better and people who have intelligence and wealth lose chances to make their businesses become bigger and more powerful; and
People lose initiative to work and enthusiasm to study as doing more isn't rewarded.
State institutions lack the conception of freedom and liberty., State institutions lack investors., State institutions lack employee benefits., and State institutions lack incentive to act on information efficiently.
Source: Boundless. “The Disadvantages of Socialism.” Boundless Business. Boundless, 03 Jul. 2014. Retrieved 20 Mar. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/business/textbooks/boundless-business-textbook/economics-and-business-2/businesses-under-socialist-systems-30/the-disadvantages-of-socialism-164-6530/