There are conflicting perspectives on adult learning as it relates to and separates itself from early childhood development practices and overall approaches to learning.
It is the belief of the authors that all styles of learning are applicable to both early childhood and adult learning, with differences presenting themselves in regard to the use of the style based on the learning environment.
In this narrated PowerPoint presentation, we have explored the theory of the Adult Learning environment by including examples of teaching assistants, e-learning in technical colleges, and self-directed learning.
In summary, the essence of Learning by Design lies in the experience of the learner as a designer and creator of an external, shareable artifact.
Learners become more accountable for their learning through designing, sharing, piloting, evaluating, modifying their work, and reflecting on the process.
The instructor acts as a facilitator and motivator by creating an open-ended learning environment and by challenging and scaffolding the learners in a balanced manner while providing options with rich and varied feedback.
Through this experience, learners construct meaning and internalize the learning process (https://www.boundless.com/education/inquiry-strategies-tasks/constructionism-learning-by-design-and-project-based-learning/notes).
In conclusion, the essence of Project-Based Learning lies in the engaging experiences that involve learners in complex and real world projects through which they develop and apply skills and knowledge.
In this environment, learners choose, plan, design and construct artifacts as part of their learning outcomes.
The instructor facilitates by designing learner-centered activities, providing resources, and advising learners as they reflect on their learning process.