There are conflicting perspectives on adult learning as it relates to and separates itself from early childhood development practices and overall approaches to learning.
It is the belief of the authors that all styles of learning are applicable to both early childhood and adult learning, with differences presenting themselves in regard to the use of the style based on the learning environment.
In this narrated PowerPoint presentation, we have explored the theory of the Adult Learning environment by including examples of teaching assistants, e-learning in technical colleges, and self-directed learning.
In summary, the essence of Learning by Design lies in the experience of the learner as a designer and creator of an external, shareable artifact.
Learners become more accountable for their learning through designing, sharing, piloting, evaluating, modifying their work, and reflecting on the process.
The instructor acts as a facilitator and motivator by creating an open-ended learning environment and by challenging and scaffolding the learners in a balanced manner while providing options with rich and varied feedback.
Through this experience, learners construct meaning and internalize the learning process (https://www.boundless.com/education/inquiry-strategies-tasks/constructionism-learning-by-design-and-project-based-learning/notes).
"Action learning is defined as an approach to working with, and developing people, which uses work on a real project or problem as the way to learn.Participants work in small groups or teams to take action to solve their project or problem, and learn how to learn from that action.A learning coach works with the group in order to help them learn how to balance their work, with the learning from that work (O'Neil, 2000, p.44). "
A learning coach is designated for each group.Together, the learning coaches also form a group.
Action learning involves learning from experience through reflection and action with the support group.
Experiential learning theory is most effective when the learning has intrinsic motivation which is a common characteristic in adult learning
They are Action Learning, Experiential Learning, Self-Directed Learning, and Project-Based Learning.