An effective teacher studies the science of pedagogy and the practice of instructional design.
A syllabus provides a summary of topics covered in a course, and sets expectations about the course for students.
Designing curriculum or teaching an established curriculum is the major part of the job for all educational professionals.
Learning outcomes allow both the teacher and the student to collaborate on a learning roadmap, which increases student accountability and, often, achievement.
A learning objective is a short statement of the goals and objectives that students should know or be able to put into practice after a lesson.
A lesson plan is a specific arrangement of instructional materials designed to convey specific educational content, and can be divided into five key parts: objective, introduction, input, activity, and review.
Educators can use many different assessment strategies, each offering its own strengths and weaknesses, to assess their students.
Educational assessment is an integrated process of gaining information about students' learning and their progress.
Grades are a means of communicating with students, parents, and other educational stakeholders, and serve as moments of closure and transition.
College textbooks can be a valuable resource for early-career instructors, but educators can also create their own packets of educational material.
Though textbooks have traditionally been popular in the past, the current generation of students often feels much more comfortable reading and working with content online.
Instructors today have the option of choosing between etextbooks, online textbooks, or free textbooks.
Students can access free textbooks that are open-sourced OER through sites like Project Gutenberg, Open Library, and OER Commons.
The Common Core State Standards seek to bring diverse state curricula into alignment with each other, but they are not without controversy.
Common Core State Standards address the subject areas of English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, Technical Subjects, and Mathematics.
STEM education is an acronym for the fields of study in the categories of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.