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The Latest USCIS Processing Times – 2024

Understanding USCIS Wait Times and Case Status for Green Cards, Citizenship, and K-1 Visas

USCIS wait times are faster in 2024

USCIS has made major progress in reducing processing times for many U.S. immigration applications.

Here’s what you need to know:

  • Faster Approvals: Most of the most common applications are now being processed at pre-pandemic levels, often faster.
  • Quickest Turnarounds: The wait time I-129F has decreased significantly in the first half of 2024, it’s now 3 months for applications filed today.
  • The wait time for Form N-400 for U.S. citizenship, is now 8 months (the fastest it’s been since 2016) and the wait time for employment authorization through adjustment of status is the lowest it’s been since 2017.
  • More to Come: USCIS is still working to improve processing times for some applications that are taking longer.

Understanding USCIS processing times

The time it takes to process your immigration forms (citizenship, green card, or K-1 visa) depends on two main things:

  1. The type of application: Different applications, including Form I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative), Form I-129F (Petition for Alien Fiancé(e)), and the N-400 (Application for Naturalization) have different processing times.
  2. The location: The USCIS office handling your application can also affect processing times.

USCIS regularly updates processing times for many types of applications. This helps you get an idea of how long you might have to wait.

Processing times can vary widely depending on the specific USCIS office. Offices in less populated areas may be faster than those in big cities.

You can check the USCIS website for the latest processing times for your specific application and location.

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Checking your processing time and case status

Checking your case status tells you the current stage of your application (e.g., “received,” “pending review”), while checking processing times gives you an estimated timeframe of how long similar cases typically take at your specific USCIS office. Both are important for managing your expectations and planning for the future. By knowing your case status, you can ensure your application is progressing as expected, and by knowing the processing time, you can get a better idea of when to expect a decision.

How to check your processing time

  • Locate Your USCIS Field Office: To find the office that is processing your case, use your zip code on the USCIS website. Some forms are handled by a field office, while others are handled by a service center.
  • Find Processing Times: Once you know the office that is handling your case, use the USCIS Case Processing Time tool. Select your application type and the office’s location to see the time range it takes to process your type of case at that office.
  • Understand the Time Range: The time range shows two numbers.
    • The first number is the time it takes to complete 50% of cases (the median processing time).
    • The second number is the time it takes to complete 93% of cases. Most cases will be processed within this range. Keep in mind that these numbers are updated weekly.

How to check your case status

  • Find your receipt number
  • Enter your receipt number on the Case Status Online page
  • Complete the captcha
  • Click “Check Status”

Wait times for green cards

Form I-130 processing time (officially called the “Petition for Alien Relative”):

  • When the sponsor is a U.S. citizen (known as the CR1 visa) is 10.8 months.
  • When the sponsor is a green card holder (known as the F2A visa) is: 25 months.

To get the most recent processing timeline estimates for Form I-130, check out Boundless’ analysis of monthly USCIS field office processing times, available here.

Form I-485 processing time (“Application for Adjustment of Status”):

Processing times for Form I-485 differ significantly based on your adjustment category and the USCIS field office handling your application.

  • Family-based green card applications (in other words, immediate relatives or spouses of a U.S. citizen) for applicants filing from within the United States average months.
  • Employment-based green card applications average 7.5 months. (Note: An approved Form I-140 is required before you can proceed with employment-based adjustment of status.)

For more up-to-date timelines, Boundless analyzes monthly processing times at USCIS field offices across the country; you can find our timeline estimates for Form I-485 here.

Form I-131 (“Application for Travel Document – Advance Parole”):

  • Applications for advance parole are currently taking months to process.

Form I-765 (“Application for Employment Authorization Document”):

The timeline for work permit applications is currently 3.6 months.

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Wait times for K-1 fiancé visas

Form I-129F (officially called the “Petition for Alien Fiancé(e)”):

Boundless and Track My Visa Now estimate the I-129F wait time is 3 months for applications filed today. This is an average based on recent applications and doesn’t include the time it takes to get an interview after your form is approved.

What are AAO Processing Times?

AAO stands for “Administrative Appeals Office,” it’s part of USCIS. AAO processing times are the amount of time it takes the Administrative Appeals Office to review an appeal of a denied application or petition and make a final decision. The AAO processing time has two stages:

1. An initial field interview: The field office that first denied the case has 45 days to review the appeal and decide if they want to change their decision. If not, the case is sent to AAO.

2. AAO Appellate Review: Within approximately 180 days of getting the case file, the AAO will complete its review. Depending on the complexity of the case, this could take more or less time.


Wait times for naturalization applications

Processing times for Form N-400 (officially called the “Application for Naturalization”) in 2024 average 9 months. For more up to date timelines, we analyzes monthly processing times at USCIS field offices across the country; you can find our timeline estimates for Form N-400 here.

Not sure which visa is right for you? Take our free assessment to get a customized plan. Learn more.


Using USCIS’s historic processing times data, you can see the trend line for how long the government will take to process your application. Importantly, USCIS uses Fiscal Years (FY), which run from October 1 of the prior year through September 30 of the year described. For instance, FY 2024 would run from October 1, 2023, to September 30, 2024.

Each quarter, USCIS releases its updated processing times for key forms. In the graph below, you can see how wait times have changed in the past couple of years for Form I-485, Form I-130, and Form I-129F. Overall, wait times for all three forms have experienced downward improvements since the beginning of FY 2023 (with the exception of a slight uptick for Form I-485 between Q1 and Q2).

Processing time backlogs

In February 2024, USCIS announced it had reduced its case backlog for the first time in over a decade. The overall backlog decreased by 15%, processing nearly 11 million case filings and completing 10 million cases.

In 2022, the agency established new internal cycle time goals to reduce the backlog. Here’s a breakdown of the targeted processing times:

Cycle Time GoalForms
2 WeeksI-129 Premium, I-140 Premium
2 MonthsI-129 Non-Premium
3 MonthsI-765, I-131 Advance Parole, I-539, I-824
6 MonthsN-400, N-600, N-600K, I-485, I-140 Non-Premium, I-130 Immediate Relative, I-129F Fiancé(e), I-290B, I-360, I-102, I-526, I-600, I-600A, I-730, I-800, I-800A, I-90, I-821D Renewals
Source: USCIS

Is Your Visa Taking Too Long? Here’s How to Check and Follow Up

It’s normal to experience wait times when applying for a visa, but how do you know if it’s taking longer than usual? Here’s what to do:

  • Check Normal Processing Times: The USCIS processing time tool provides estimated processing times for different visa applications. Find your form type and check the “Receipt date for a case inquiry” to see if your application falls outside the normal window.
  • Track Your Case Online: USCIS lets you track your application status online for updates. The process is slightly different depending on whether you applied inside or outside the US.
  • When to Inquire: If your application date is before the “Receipt date for case inquiry” and you haven’t heard back, you can file a Case Inquiry with USCIS using their e-form. This will prompt them to investigate any potential delays.

Important Note: Don’t contact USCIS if your application is still within the normal processing times. You’ll likely receive a generic response.


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