What is Leadership?
Leadership is a process of social influence on other people to accomplish common tasks. It involves organizing a group of people to achieve common goals. Leaders direct the path to achieve the goal and lead the group to accomplish objectives along the way. The leader may or may not have formal authority. According to the trait theory of leadership, some traits play a vital role in creating leaders, such as intelligence, adjustment, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, and general self-efficacy.
Interactive Leadership Defined
For effective leadership, communicating and interacting with followers are mandatory. The interactive style of leadership involves a leader engaging the employees in understanding the existing conditions of a business, so they can collectively assist in addressing them.
Dr. Stephen L. Cohen, the Senior Vice President for Right Management's Leadership Development Center of Excellence, mentioned Engagement as the fourth key practice in his article Four Key Leadership Practices for Leading in Tough Times.
Reaching out to employees and helping them understand different aspects of the organization's helps to engage them. The different styles of interactive or engaging leadership are:
Participative or democratic style: In this style, the leader shares decision-making abilities with the group and promotes the interests of the group members. Social equality is present in this style.
Laissez-faire or free-rein style: In this style, a person may be in the position of the leader but does not provide leadership. He or she leaves the group to fend for itself. Subordinates are given power to decide their own policies and methods.