Fayol's approach differed from scientific management in that it focused on efficiency through management training and behavioral characteristics.
Outline Fayol's effect on administrative management through the recognition of his 14 management principles
Fayol took a top-down approach to management by focusing on managerial practices to increase efficiency in organizations. His writing provided guidance to managers on how to accomplish their managerial duties and on the practices in which they should engage.
The major difference between Fayol and Taylor is Fayol's concern with the "human" and behavioral characterisitcs of employees and his focus on training management instead of on individual worker efficiency.
Fayol is often compared to Frederick Winslow Taylor, who developed scientific management. However, Fayol differed from Taylor in his focus and developed his ideas independently. Taylor was concerned with task time and improving worker efficiency, while Fayol was concerned with management and the human and behavioral factors in management.
Another major difference between Taylor and Fayol's theories is that Taylor viewed management improvements as happening from the bottom up, or starting with the most elemental units of activity and making individual workers more efficient. In contrast, Fayol emphasized a more top-down perspective that was focused on educating management on improving processes first and then moving to workers. Fayol believed that by focusing on managerial practices organizations could minimize misunderstandings and increase efficiency.
His writings guided managers on how to accomplish their managerial duties and on the practices in which they should engage. In his book "General and Industrial Management" Fayol outlined his theory of general management, which he believed could be applied to the administration of myriad industries. As a result of his concern for workers, Fayol was considered one of the early fathers of the human relations movement.
Fayol developed 14 principles of management in order to help managers conduct their affairs more effectively. Today, these principles are still used but are often interpreted differently. The fourteen principles are as follows: