Acids release H+ while bases release OH-; consequently, buffers maintain a system's required pH if exposed to these solutions.
Cohesion allows substances to withstand rupture when placed under stress while adhesion is the attraction between water and other molecules.
Water is able to absorb a high amount of heat before increasing in temperature, allowing humans to maintain body temperature.
The orientation of hydrogen bonds as water changes states dictates the properties of water in its gaseous, liquid, and solid forms.
Its polarity makes water an excellent solvent for other polar molecules and ions.