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The nervous system is a network of cells called neurons that coordinate actions and transmit signals between different parts of the body.
Describe the organization of the nervous system
Neurons (specialized cells of the nervous system) send signals along thin fibers called axons and communicate with other cells by releasing chemicals called neurotransmitters at cell-cell junctions called synapses.
Glial cells are non-neuronal cells that provide support and nutrition in the nervous system.
In humans, the nervous system consists of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The central nervous system of humans contains the brain, spinal cord, and retina.
The peripheral nervous system consists of sensory neurons, clusters of neurons called ganglia, and nerves connecting them to each other and to the central nervous system.
Non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis, form myelin, and provide support and protection for neurons in the brain, and for neurons in other parts of the nervous system such as in the autonomic nervous system.
A nervous system is what allows us to react to the changing environment around us.
The nervous system is an organ system that coordinates our actions by transmitting signals between different parts of our bodies. Central to the functioning of the nervous system is an extensive network of specialized cells called neurons. Neurons send signals along thin fibers called axons and communicate with other cells by releasing chemicals called neurotransmitters at cell-cell junctions called synapses .
Major elements in neuron-to-neuron communication
Electrical impulses travel along the axon of a neuron. When this signal reaches a synapse, it provokes release of neurotransmitter molecules, which bind to receptor molecules located in the the target cell.
The major organs and nerves of the human nervous system.
The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output . In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment. This sensory information is then processed by the CNS, predominantly by the brain. After information is processed, signals return to the PNS by way of motor neurons to muscles and glands, which respond with a motor output. Central neurons, which in humans greatly outnumber the sensory and motor neurons, make all of their input and output connections with other neurons. The connections of these neurons form neural circuits that are responsible for our perceptions of the world and determine our behavior. Along with neurons, the nervous system relies on the function of other specialized cells called glial cells, or glia, that provide structural and metabolic support to the nervous system.
The organization of the nervous system
Gross organization of the nervous system, with the peripheral nervous system, the spinal, and the cortical levels.