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Attachments and articulations - articular process: a projection that contacts an adjacent bone; articulation: the region where adjacent bones contact each other (e.g. joint); condyle: large, rounded articular process; crest: prominent ridge; eminence: relatively small projection or bump.
Epicondyle: projection near a condyle, but not part of the joint; facet: small, flattened articular surface; fossa: broad, shallow depressed area; line: long, thin projection or ridge, often with a rough surface; malleolus: protuberances of bones in the ankle; ramus: arm-like branch of bone.
Process: projection or prominent bump; spine: long, thin projection; suture: articulation between cranial bones; trochanter: tuberosities located on femur; tubercle: projection or bump with a roughened surface, smaller than a tuberosity; tuberosity: projection or bump with a roughened surface.
Openings - canal: long, tunnel-like foramen, a passage for nerves or blood vessels; foramen: opening through a bone; fovea: small pit on the head of a bone; labyrinth: cavity within a bone; meatus: short canal that dead ends, so it has only the entrance; sinus: cavity within a cranial bone.
There are a variety of bone markings on the surface of the axial bones that indicate attachments or articulations (fossa, ramus, condyle), or openings for nerves and blood vessels (fissure, foramen, meatus) . The following description of bone surface markings is done in alphabetical order: