Nature and Function of Congress
The Senate is composed of two senators from each state who are granted exclusive powers to confirm appointments and place holds on laws.
The House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress.
The House and Senate: Differences in Representation
The US Congress is composed of the House and the Senate which differ in representation, term length, power, and prestige.
The Legislative Function
The House and Senate are equal partners in the legislative process; legislation cannot be enacted without the consent of both chambers.
The Representation Function
A compromise plan was adopted where representatives were chosen by the population and two senators were chosen by state governments.
Service to Constituents
A major role for members of Congress is providing services to constituents.
The Oversight Function
The United States Congress has oversight of the Executive Branch and other U.S. federal agencies.
The Public-Education Function
The Library of Congress provides public information and educates the public about legislation among other general information.
The Conflict-Resolution Function
Both the Senate and the House have a conflict-resolution procedure before a bill is passed as a piece of legislation.