Definition of suspect classification
When the government classifies individuals along racial lines and treats minority populations differently than the majority population.
Examples of suspect classification in the following topics:
- When the court uses the strict scrutiny standard to evaluate affirmative action cases, the court is employing the standard because the court must do so in every case of suspect classification.
- For the classification to be constitutional, the class must have experienced a history of discrimination, must be definable as a group, must have limited political powers, and its characteristic must have little relationship to the government’s policy aims or the ability of the group’s members to contribute to society.
- The Supreme Court has consistently found that classification based on race, national origin, and alienage require strict scrutiny review.