Issue Identification and Agenda Building
The first step of the policy process involves issues being turned into agenda items for policymaking bodies.
Formulation is the second stage of the policy process and involves the proposal of solutions to agenda issues.
Policy adoption is the third phase of the policy process in which policies are adopted by government bodies for future implementation.
Policy implementation is the fourth phase of the policy cycle in which adopted policies are put into effect.
Policies must be evaluated once in place, but still tend to become entrenched over time and often do not receive any kind of evaluation.
Policymaking and Special Interests
Interest groups that can advance their cause to the policymaking process tend to possess certain key traits.