10.1 The Role of Media in Politics
Types of Media
Media in the United States has taken multiple forms and grown in power due to its for-profit nature.
Regulation of the Broadcast Media
Broadcasting media has been regulated since the 1920s to ensure balanced and fair coverage, along with coverage of relevant, local issues.
Organization and Ownership of the Media
Media consolidation has resulted in fewer companies owning more media sources, thereby increasing the concentration of ownership.
Nationalization of the News
While local news is still available, it is becoming increasingly nationalized and is being bought out by larger, national networks.
Media Power in American Politics: Agenda-Setting
Agenda-setting is a psychological process whereby the media continuously covers an issue so viewers think its a top-priority issue.
The Rise of Adversarial Journalism
Adversarial journalism, or gotcha journalism, seeks to reveal wrongdoings of public officials through a variety of premeditated methods.
10.2 Regulation of the Media
Regulation of the Media
Media of the United States consists of television, radio, cinema, newspapers, magazines, and Internet-based Web sites.
Journalism ethics and standards describe the principles of ethics and good practice journalists adopt in response to specific challenges.
A regulation is a legal provision that creates, limits, or constrains a right, creates or limits a duty, or allocates a responsibility.
The Federal Communications Committee
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent regulatory agency of the United States government.
10.3 Media and Campaigns
Political advertising is a form of campaigning used by political candidates to reach and influence voters.
From 1960 onward, televised debates have become an important aspect of every presidential election.
Media coverage strongly influences people's perception of politics, society, and culture.
The Internet, Blogging, and Podcasting
The growth of the Internet and its associated technologies has made a profound impact on contemporary political campaigns.
10.4 Media Bias
Media bias is the bias of journalists and news producers in the selection of events and stories that are reported, and how they are covered.
10.5 News Coverage
The main form of print media is the newspaper, which is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, and informative articles.
Stations dedicated to news will often feature newscasts, or bulletins, usually at the top of the hour, between 3 and 8 minutes in length.
A news bulletin or newscast is a television program that provides updates on world, national, or local news events.
An important promise of new media is the "democratization" of the creation, publishing, distribution and consumption of media content.
A journalist collects, writes, and distributes news and other information, and his or her work is referred to as journalism.
Blogs, Podcasts, and Cyberspace
Blogs and podcasts are forms of media that exist within cyberspace and encourage interactions among people.