Examples of mores in the following topics:
- Group strength: The more important the group is to an individual, the more likely the individual is to comply with social influence.
- Immediacy: The proximity of the group makes an individual more likely to comply with group pressures.
- The large request is then followed by a second, more reasonable, request.
- Her parents are more likely to comply with the more reasonable request, after having rejected the initial, extreme request.
- Since Anna has now ingratiated herself with Anthony, he is more likely to comply with her request.
- Optimists engage in healthier lifestyles with less destructive activities and more productive habits.
- They are also more likely to embrace and build upon positive circumstances and situations, as these are believed to continue.
- These people tend to engage in more physical activity, smoke less, consume more wholesome foods, and drink more moderate amounts of alcohol.
- Optimists are more likely to stick with goals despite setbacks, face problems head-on, and remain resilient in the instance of defeat.
- You are more likely to end up being more attracted to the person in your class, even if the initial attraction to both individuals was the same.
- One of the most important factors in interpersonal attraction is similarity: the more similar two people are in attitudes, background, and other traits, the more probable it is that they will like each other.
- Later on, similarity and other compatibility factors become more important.
- Love can be best described in reference to a relationship between two or more people, and is more evident in relationships that contain a mutual understanding, mutual support, and enjoyment of each other's company.
- It is more stable and involves a deeper respect and affectionate attachment between partners.
- This could mean that the more alcohol people consume, the more depressed they become; on the other hand, it could mean that the more depressed people become, the more likely they are to consume alcohol.
- This could be interpreted to imply that the more alcohol that people consume, the more depressed they become.
- However, it could also be interpreted to imply that the more depressed people become, the more likely they are to consume alcohol.
- It can be on value, considered to be single modal, or can be more than one value, and thus multi-modal.
- Adolescents think more quickly than children.
- Adolescents are more aware of their own thought processes and can use mnemonic devices and other strategies to think more efficiently.
- Adolescents are more likely to engage in relativistic thinking—in other words, they are more likely to question others' assertions and less likely to accept information as absolute truth.
- Adolescents are more likely to take risks than adults.
- However, adolescents seem to give more weight to rewards, particularly social rewards, than do adults.
- Attention comes into play in many psychological topics, including memory (stimuli that are more attended to are better remembered), vision, and cognitive load.
- Surrounding the focus is the fringe of attention, which extracts information in a much more crude fashion.
- Think of a computer with limited memory storage: you can only give it so many tasks before it is unable to process more.
can be defined as the attempt to perform two or more tasks simultaneously;
however, research shows that when multitasking, people make more mistakes or
perform their tasks more slowly.
- This research reveals that the human attentional system has limits to what it
can process: driving performance is worse while engaged in other tasks; drivers
make more mistakes, brake harder and later, get into more accidents, veer into
other lanes, and are less aware of their surroundings when engaged in the
previously discussed tasks.
- In one study, American men resorted to physical aggression more readily than Japanese or Spanish men, whereas Japanese men preferred direct verbal conflict more than their American and Spanish counterparts (Andreu et al., 1998).
- Within American culture, southerners were shown to become more emotionally aroused and to respond more aggressively than northerners when affronted (Bowdle et al., 1996).
- In psychological research about gender, the general pattern
is that women are more likely to internalize, and men are more likely to
- Men are more
physically aggressive than women, which explains, in part, why they are
responsible for the vast majority of murders committed in the United States
contrast, women are more likely to be indirectly and non-physically aggressive,
such as in displays of relational aggression and social rejection.
- Because we spend so many years in adulthood (more than any other stage), cognitive changes are numerous during this period.
- In fact, research suggests that adult cognitive development is a complex, ever-changing process that may be even more active than cognitive development in infancy and early childhood (Fischer, Yan, & Stewart, 2003).
- Early adulthood is a time of relativistic thinking, in which young people begin to become aware of more than simplistic views of right vs. wrong.
- They begin to look at ideas and concepts from multiple angles and understand that a question can have more than one right (or wrong) answer.
- Fluid intelligence, on the other hand, is more dependent on basic information-processing skills and starts to decline even prior to middle adulthood.
- Studies show that there are some family/environmental effects on the IQ of children; however adoption studies show that, by adulthood, adoptive siblings are not more similar in IQ than strangers, while adult full siblings show higher similarities in IQ, even when raised separately.
- Conventional twin studies reinforce this pattern: monozygotic (identical) twins raised separately are more similar in IQ than dizygotic (fraternal) twins raised together, and much more than adoptive siblings.
- In particular, strategies for meeting the needs of students with learning disabilities will become more informed.
- It may even be possible to develop specific approaches to help individual students with different genetic predispositions more effectively.
- Things that are more easily remembered are thought to be more common than things that are not easily recalled.
- An example of this is when we incorrectly believe that "spectacular" occurrences (like deaths caused by severe weather) happen more often than regular ones (like deaths caused by disease).
- Since the media covers these "spectacular" occurrences more often, and with more emphasis, they become more available to our memory.
- In the same way, vivid or exceptional outcomes will be perceived as more likely than those that are harder to picture, or are difficult to understand.
- When people rely on representativeness to make judgments, they are likely to judge incorrectly because the fact that something is more representative does not make it more likely.