Skinner developed the idea of operant conditioning in 1937, when he tested the learning of rats through reinforcement and punishment in what is now called a Skinner Box.
Some of the better-known types of treatments are relaxation training, systematic desensitization, virtual reality exposure, exposure and response prevention techniques, social skills training, modeling, behavioral rehearsal and homework, and aversion therapy and punishment.
Aversion therapy and punishment is a technique in which an aversive (painful or unpleasant) stimulus is used to decrease unwanted behaviors from occurring.
Examples of the type of negative stimulus or punishment that can be used is shock therapy treatments, aversive drug treatments, and response cost contingent punishment (which involves taking away a reward).
Social skills training teaches clients skills to access natural reinforcers and lessen life punishment.
Behaviorism is based on both classical conditioning (in which a stimulus is conditioned to create a response) and operant conditioning (in which behavior is reinforced through a particular reward or punishment).