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Psychology in Action 10th Edition
by Karen Huffman
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Preview of Chapter 14
Section 1Introduction to Psychological Disorders
Definition of Abnormal: The Challenge in Defining "Normal"
"Normal" and "abnormal" depend on the person, time, place and situation, and are largely shaped by social standards.
Classifying Abnormal Behavior: Introducing the DSM
The DSM is the manual that guides diagnoses of psychological disorders; ithas been revised many times, and is both praised and criticized.
Explaining Abnormal Behavior
Mental disorders are "deviant" because they are abnormal, but also because they impair normal functioning, while deviant behavior does not.14.1.4
Social Issues in Diagnosis
Though a third of all people experience mental illness, stigmas add to the suffering and disability associated with mental disorders.
Section 2Anxiety Disorders
Definition of Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are extreme responses to anxiety-inducing situations, and can include excessive worry, uneasiness, apprehension, and fear.
Explaining Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders have some genetic basis, but they most typically develop because of a confluence of environmental and inherited factors.
Phobic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by a level of fear inappropriate to the situation, often leading to avoidance.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry.
When panic attacks (unexpected bouts of fear) are experienced suddenly and without an apparent trigger, this is termed panic disorder.
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by intrusive thoughts which cause repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the anxiety.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a traumatic event that involves actual or threatened death, or serious injury.
Section 3Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders