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Psychology in Everyday Life 2nd Edition
by David G. Myers
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Preview of Chapter 10
Stress and Influences on Health
Section 1Foundations of Health Psychology
Section 2Models for Positive Change
Stages of Change
The transtheoretical model of behavior change, based on 5 stages of change, assesses a person's readiness to act on a new healthy behavior.
The Link Between Psychology and Health
Physical and mental health have a bidirectional relationship that can be influenced by many factors, such as exercise and hormones.
The Biopsychosocial Model
The biopsychosocial model states that biological, psychological, and social factors are involved in the causes and manifestation of health and disease.
Behavioral medicine and health psychology are two approaches to understanding stress and its relationship to mental and physical health.
How the Body Responds to Stress
When presented with stress, the body responds by releasing hormones that will prepare it for the "fight-or-flight" response.
How Stress Impacts our Health
Stress is a biological factor that has positive and negative effects on humans, but if chronically experienced, can lead to health problems.
Specific Effects of Stress: Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular disease has a number of behavioral risk factors, many of which are related to stress.
Specific Effects of Stress: Cancer
While psychological stress has not been found to cause cancer, it may affect a person's overall health and ability to cope with cancer.
Specific Effects of Stress: PTSD
Traumatizing, stressful events can have a long term impact on mental and physical health as can manifest in post-traumatic stress disorder.