functionalist perspective of gender inequality(noun)
Definition of functionalist perspective of gender inequality
A theory that suggests that gender inequalities exist as an efficient way to create a division of labor, or a social system in which a particular segment of the population is clearly responsible for certain acts of labor and another segment is clearly responsible for other labor acts.
Examples of functionalist perspective of gender inequality in the following topics:
- The functionalist perspective sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
- The functionalist perspective of gender inequality was most robustly articulated in the 1940s and 1950s.
- A structural functionalist view of gender inequality applies the division of labor to view predefined gender roles as complementary; women take care of the home while men provide for the family.
- This view has been criticized for reifying, rather than reflecting, gender roles.
- While gender roles, according to the functionalist perspective, are beneficial in that they contribute to stable social relations, many argue that gender roles are discriminatory and should not be upheld.
- The functionalist perspective of gender roles suggests that gender roles exist to maximize social efficiency.