Definition of non-material culture
In contrast to material culture, non-material culture does not include any physical objects or artifacts. Examples of non-material culture include any ideas, beliefs, values, and norms that may help shape our society.
Examples of non-material culture in the following topics:
- Culture as a general concept consists of both material and non-material culture.
- Material culture is a term developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, that refers to the relationship between artifacts and social relations.
- In contrast, non-material culture does not include physical objects or artifacts.
- Members take part in a culture even if each member's personal values do not entirely agree with some of the normative values sanctioned in the culture.
- Together, they provide a way to understand culture.
- Non-material culture includes the behaviors, ideas, norms, values, and beliefs that contribute to a society's overall culture.
- Ogburn in his 1922 work "Social Change with Respect to Culture and Original Nature."
- According to Ogburn, cultural lag is a common societal phenomenon due to the tendency of material culture to evolve and change rapidly while non-material culture tends to resist change and remain fixed for a far longer period of time.
- His theory of cultural lag suggests that a period of maladjustment occurs when the non-material culture is struggling to adapt to new material conditions.
- Woodward, when material conditions change, changes are felt in the non-material culture as well.
- But these changes in the non-material culture do not match exactly with the change in the material culture.
- The term "cultural lag" refers to the fact that culture takes time to catch up with technological innovations, resulting in social problems.
- Cultural lag, a term coined by Ogburn, refers to a period of maladjustment, which occurs when the non-material culture is struggling to adapt to new material conditions.
- Adjustment is the process by which the non-technical aspects of a culture respond to invention.