Defining a problem in sociological research helps identify a research question that helps carry out the first steps of the research process.
Sociological researchers review previous work done in their subject of research and include this literature review in their research work.
Formulating a hypothesis helps by defining an initial explanation to be tested in the research process.
Research design encompasses the methodology and procedure involved to solve different sociological questions.
Defining the sample and collecting data are key parts of empirical research, whether the observations will be statistical or ethnographic.
Sociological data analysis is a process designed to produce patterns, the validity of which can be influenced by a number of factors.
Sociological research is presented with a literature review, an overview of the methodology, analysis and findings, and conclusions.