The Research Process
Defining the Problem
Defining a problem in sociological research helps identify a research question that helps carry out the first steps of the research process.
Reviewing the Literature
Sociological researchers review previous work done in their subject of research and include this literature review in their research work.
Formulating the Hypothesis
Formulating a hypothesis helps by defining an initial explanation to be tested in the research process.
Determining the Research Design
Research design encompasses the methodology and procedure involved to solve different sociological questions.
Defining the Sample and Collecting Data
Defining the sample and collecting data are key parts of empirical research, whether the observations will be statistical or ethnographic.
Analyzing Data and Growing Conclusions
Sociological data analysis is a process designed to produce patterns, the validity of which can be influenced by a number of factors.
Preparing the Research Report
Sociological research is presented with a literature review, an overview of the methodology, analysis and findings, and conclusions.