Boundless alternative to
Introduction to Sociology 8th Edition
by Anthony Giddens, Mitchell Duneier, Richard P. Appelbaum, Deborah Carr
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Preview of Chapter 18
Understanding Health and Illness
Section 1The Experience of Illness
The Experience of Illness
Illness, sometimes considered another word for disease, refers to a state of poor health.
Gender and Health
Disparities in health services play out based on different systems of stratification, such as gender.
Race and Health
Health disparities refer to gaps in the quality of health and healthcare across racial and ethnic groups.
Social Class and Health
Social class has a significant impact on one's physical health, ability to receive adequate medical care and nutrition, and life expectancy.
Education and Health
Health literacy is an individual's ability to read, understand and use healthcare information to make decisions about treatment.
Women in Medicine
Historically and in many parts of the world, women's participation in the profession of medicine has been significantly restricted.
Section 2Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness
The Functionalist Perspective
In the functionalist model, Parsons argued that illness is a form of deviance that disturbs the social function of a society.
The Conflict Perspective
Conflict theory argues that the economic and political structures of a society create social divisions, inequalities, and conflicts.
The Interactionist Perspective
According to theorists working in the symbolic interactionist perspective, health and illness are socially constructed.
The Labeling Approach
The labeling approach to health and illness claims that mental illness is manifested solely as a result of societal influence.
Section 3Social Epidemiology and Health