The Emancipation Proclamation was an executiveorder issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers.
On September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863.
None returned, and the order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control.
In 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, an executiveorder that freed the slaves in the Confederate states.
The Fair Employment Act In June of 1941, President Roosevelt signed ExecutiveOrder 8802, also known as the Fair Employment Act .
The order stated "there shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries or government because of race, creed, color, or national origin. " The executiveorder was issued in response to pressure from civil rights activists Bayard Rustin, A.
The march was suspended after ExecutiveOrder 8802 was issued.
The Order established the Committee on Fair Employment Practice within the Office of Production Management to investigate alleged violations and "to take appropriate steps to redress grievances which it finds to be valid. " The Committee was also supposed to make recommendations to federal agencies and to the President on how ExecutiveOrder 8802 could be made most effective.
The President's statement accompanying the Order cited the war effort, saying that "the democratic way of life within the nation can be defended successfully only with the help and support of all groups," and cited reports of discrimination: "There is evidence available that needed workers have been barred from industries engaged in defense production solely because of considerations of race, creed, color or national origin, to the detriment of workers' morale and of national unity. " In 1943, Roosevelt greatly strengthened the FEPC with a new executiveorder, ExecutiveOrder 9346.
ExecutiveOrder 8875 established the Office of Price Administration (OPA) in 1941.
The War Production Board (WPB) was established as a government agency on January 16, 1942 by executiveorder of Franklin D.
The WPB ensured that each factory received materials it needed to operate, in order to produce the most war goods in the shortest time.
Presidential ExecutiveOrder 8900, September 15, 1941, abolished it, and its functions were transferred to the Economic Defense Board to develop policies and programs to strengthen U.S. international economic relations.
First, he created the President's Committee on Civil Rights by ExecutiveOrder 9808 on December 5, 1946.
EXECUTIVE ORDERS On July 26, 1948, President Truman advanced the recommendations of the report by signing executive orders 9980 and 9981.
ExecutiveOrder 9980 ordered the desegregation of the federal work force and ExecutiveOrder 9981, the desegregation of the armed services.
He described the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches as silly, stating that the marches would not "accomplish a darned thing. " Finally, he issued an ExecutiveOrder in 1951 to establish the Committee on Government Contract Compliance (CGCC).
These "small actions" culminated into the signing of the two executive orders mentioned above by Truman in 1948, an election year.
On May 6, 1995, Clinton signed ExecutiveOrder 12957 which implemented tight oil and trade sanctions on Iran, and made it illegal for American corporations or their foreign subsidiaries to participate in any contract "for the financing of the development of petroleum resources located in Iran. " On May 6, 1995, President Clinton also issued ExecutiveOrder 12959, which banned almost all trade between U.S. businesses and the Iranian government, with the exception of informational materials.
In October 2009, Obama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples. " LEGISLATION AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS In his first week in office, Obama signed ExecutiveOrder 13492 suspending all the ongoing proceedings of Guantanamo military commission and ordering the detention facility to be shut down within the year.
He also signed ExecutiveOrder 13491 – ensuring lawful interrogations requiring the Army Field Manual to be used as a guide for terror interrogations, banning torture and other coercive techniques, such as waterboarding.
Smith-Lever Act In 1914, Congress passed the Smith-Lever Act, which created the Cooperative Extension Service in order to develop more effective agricultural and animal husbandry classes, programs, and use of land grant institutions such as Washington State University, Texas Agriculture & Mining, and the University of Wisconsin.
Food Administration Using the authority of the 1917 Act, President Wilson issued ExecutiveOrder 2679A, creating the U.S.
The Food Administration asked Americans to grow their own vegetables (called Victory Gardens ) and to pledge to follow the call to preserve, consume less, and grow more in order to ensure that sufficient meat, wheat, fats, and sugars made it to the U.S. troops and American allies .
During World War I, federal agencies were established and legislation was passed in order to manage America's wartime resources.
Although he could not convince Congress to outlaw the spoils system, Hayes issued an executiveorder that forbade federal office holders from being required to make campaign contributions or otherwise taking part in party politics.
Sharpe, all Conkling supporters, refused to obey the president's order.