Definition of impeachment
A formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.
Examples of impeachment in the following topics:
- The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was one of the most dramatic events that occurred during the Reconstruction era in the United States, and was the first impeachment in history of a sitting United States president.
- Johnson was impeached because of his efforts to undermine Congressional policy; the impeachment was the culmination of a lengthy political battle between the moderate Johnson and the "Radical Republicans" who dominated Congress and sought control of Reconstruction policies.
- The impeachment and subsequent trial of Johnson is historically recognized as an act of political expedience, rather than necessity, based on Johnson's defiance of an unconstitutional piece of legislation and with little regard for the will of the public (which, despite the general unpopularity of Johnson, opposed the impeachment).
- Not until the impeachment of Bill Clinton 131 years later was another United States president impeached.
- Both sides argued the legitimacy of the Act ..In the end, 35 Senators voted "guilty" and 19 "non-guilty"; because the Constitution requires a two-thirds majority for conviction in impeachment trials, Johnson was thus acquitted by one vote.
- The impeachment of Andrew Johnson during the Reconstruction era was the first impeachment of a sitting president in the history of the U.S.
- In the wake of the Saturday Night Massacre, the House of Representatives decided to initiate the impeachment process.
- The House Judiciary Committee then opened impeachment hearings against the President on May 9, 1974.
- The hearings culminated in votes for articles of impeachment, on the charges of obstruction of justice.
- He met with Republican congressional leaders soon after; he was told he faced certain impeachment in the House and had, at most, 15 senators prepared to vote for his acquittal—far fewer than the 34 he needed to avoid removal from office.
- In 1974, Nixon was convicted on charges of obstruction of justice during his infamous impeachment hearings.
- As a result of the Watergate Scandal and Nixon's impeachment hearings, the public lost faith and trust in politicians and elected officials.
- Two other impeachment articles, a second perjury charge, and a charge of abuse of power failed in the House.
- Impeachment by the House of Representatives Since Ken Starr had already completed an extensive investigation, the House Judiciary Committee conducted no investigations of its own into Clinton's alleged wrongdoing, and it held no serious impeachment-related hearings before the 1998 mid-term elections.
- Nevertheless, impeachment was one of the major issues in the election.
- Two other articles of impeachment failed – a second count of perjury in the Jones case (by a 205–229 vote) and one accusing Clinton of abuse of power (by a 148–285 vote).
- It ended on February 12, when the Senate emerged from its closed deliberations and voted on the articles of impeachment.
- After four years of civil war, three years of wrangling over Reconstruction, and the attempted impeachment of a president, the nation craved the peace Grant pledged to achieve.
- Congress may itself terminate such appointments by impeachment, and may restrict the president.
- The committee shortened the President's term to seven years to four years, freed him to seek reelection, and moved impeachment trials from the courts to the Senate.
- The president is removed on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
- The influence of the central bank and its wealth was such that Jackson risked impeachment by its supporters.
- The federal judiciary is represented by a Supreme Tribunal, appointed by the federal executive, which has authority in federal impeachment cases and as the appeal of last resort in cases dealing with national matters (such as treaties).