The domestic war effort in the United States swept millions of women into the workforce.
Despite racism and segregation in the U.S. military, more than two and a half million African American men registered in the military draft, with more than 1 million serving in the armed forces during World War II.
Hundreds of thousands of Hispanic-American men and women served in the U.S. Armed Forces and on the home front during World War II.
Some 44,000 Native Americans served in the United States military during World War II, which was one-third of all able-bodied Native American men.
Suspicion of and racial prejudice toward Japanese Americans after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in the incarceration of around 110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese residing in the United States.