The period following World War II saw increased prosperity for many Americans.
The G.I. Bill offered returning World War II veterans important benefits that had a great impact on socioeconomic changes in the post-war era.
U.S. post-war economic prosperity drove much higher birth rates and pushed many women back into the domestic sphere; this coincided with an increase in organized religion.
After 1945, new technologies resulted in revolutionary changes in agriculture, space industry, and medical sciences in the United States.
The post-World War II growth of the U.S. suburbs was facilitated by development of zoning laws, redlining, and numerous innovations in transport, and contributed to major segregation trends and decline of inner-city neighborhoods.
As president from 1953 to 1961, Dwight Eisenhower oversaw 8 years of relative peace and moderate economic growth at home while his foreign policy initiatives, including U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Africa, shaped the global order for decades to come.
Indian termination comprised a series of laws initiated in the 1940s but aggressively developed in the 1950s and 1960s that stripped Indian nations of their sovereignty and had disastrous consequences on the economic, social, and cultural condition of American Indians.
In the 1956 presidential election, popular incumbent Republican Dwight Eisenhower successfully ran for re-election, winning against Democrat Adlai Stevenson, whom he had also defeated 4 years earlier.
The Warren Court (1953–'69), or the Supreme Court of the United States during the period when Earl Warren served as chief justice, declared a number of critical cases that expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and federal power in dramatic ways.
The opposition to the French imperial presence, competing factions in Vietnam, and involvements of Western powers, China, and the Soviet Union led to the First and later Second Indochina Wars.
The aggressive U.S. presence in Latin America and the Middle East during the mid-to-late 20th century had a critical impact on events and development in both regions.
The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 was a revolt against the pro-Soviet People's Republic of Hungary's government that was crushed by the Soviet Union's military intervention.
The United States in the 1950s and '60s witnessed the dramatic development of the Civil Rights Movement, which at the time accomplished a series of its goals through acts of civil disobedience, legal battles, and promoting the notion of Black Power.
In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that separate public schools for black and white students were unconstitutional.
The Montgomery bus boycott was a protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was a U.S. clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American Civil Rights Movement.
In the Civil Rights Movement, religious leaders, thousands of black churches, and anonymous members, as well as religious rhetoric, played major roles.
The consistent struggle of the Civil Rights Movement and efforts of hundreds of thousands anonymous African Americans forced legislators to enact a slate of civil rights legislation in the 1950s and 1960s.
The post-World War II United
States went through a period of unprecedented economic prosperity for many white Americans that coincided with black Americans' intensifying the struggle for civil rights and economic justice.