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The 1992 presidential election featured Republican President George H.W. Bush versus Democratic candidate Bill Clinton.
Summarize the significant events of the 1992 presidential election
George U.S. presidential election of 1992 had three main candidates: incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, Democratic Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot.
Ralph Nader was also introduced into presidential politics during this election.
Independent candidate Ross Perot's campaign was relatively successful, as he addressed some of the public's main concerns at this time: the federal deficit, professional politicians, and anti-NAFTA sentiments.
Clinton positioned himself as a New Democrat, or a centrist, during this election.
He chose Senator Al Gore as his running mate, as Gore was perceived to be strong on family values and environmental issues.
On November 3, Bill Clinton won the election by a wide margin in the Electoral College, receiving 43 percent of the popular vote against Bush's 37 percent and Perot's 19 percent.
It was the second largest electoral vote shift in American history (517 vote shift).
Bill Clinton won the 1992 election.
He received 43% of the vote, while Bush received 37%.
This election was the first time since 1968 that a candidate had won an election with under 50% of the popular vote.
This election marked realignment in U.S. politics away from the Republican Party and towards the resurgence of the Democratic Party, as the previous three elections had been Republican landslides.
Henry Ross Perot (/pəroʊ/; born June 27, 1930) is a U.S. businessman best known for running for President of the United States in 1992 and 1996.
Perot founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS) in 1962, sold the company to General Motors in 1984, and founded Perot Systems in 1988.
Perot Systems was bought by Dell for $3.9 billion in 2009.
William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Inaugurated at age 46, he was the third-youngest president.
He took office at the end of the Cold War, and was the first president of the baby boomer generation.
Clinton has been described as a New Democrat.
Many of his policies have been attributed to a centrist Third Way philosophy of governance.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States (1989–93).
He had previously served as the 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–89), a congressman, an ambassador, a Director of Central Intelligence, and is currently the oldest surviving president.
The 1992 United States presidential election had three major candidates: incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush, Democratic Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot .
Bush had alienated much of his conservative base by breaking his 1988 campaign pledge against raising taxes.
It also didn't help that the economy was in a recession.
Bush's perceived greatest strength -- foreign policy -- was considered much less important following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the relatively peaceful climate in the Middle East resulting from the defeat of Iraq in the Gulf War.
In the election, Clinton won a plurality in the popular vote, and a wide Electoral College margin.
After three consecutive Republican landslides, the 1992 election's results represented a momentous realignment in national politics, as the Democratic Party picked up new support in the Northeast, the Great Lakes region and California, but carried only four states in Clinton's native South.
After the crushing victory by the U.S. and coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War, Bush's approval ratings was 89%, and his re-election was considered very likely.
As a result, several high profile Democratic candidates such as Mario Cuomo refused to seek the Democratic nomination.
However, candidates such as Tom Harkin, Paul Tsongas, Jerry Brown, Bob Kerrey, Douglas Wilder and Clinton chose to run.
Clinton chose U.S. Senator Al Gore (D-Tennessee) as his running mate.
Selecting fellow Southerner Gore went against the popular strategy of balancing a Southern candidate with a Northern partner.
Gore, however, did balance the ticket in other significant ways, as he was perceived to be strong on family values and environmental issues, while Clinton was not. Additionally, Gore's similarities to Clinton allowed the latter to push some of his key campaign themes, such as centrism and generational change.
On November 3, Clinton won the election by a wide margin in the Electoral College, receiving 43 percent of the popular vote against Bush's 37 percent and Perot's 19 percent .
It was the second largest electoral vote shift in American history (517 vote shift), after Jimmy Carter's victory in 1976 (560 vote shift).
It was also the first time since 1968 that a candidate won the presidency despite earning under 50 percent of the popular vote.
In the entire country, only Washington, D.C. and Clinton's home state of Arkansas gave the majority of its votes to a single candidate; the rest were won by pluralities of the vote.
President Bush's 37.4% was the lowest percentage total for an incumbent president since William Howard Taft in 1912 (23.2%).
(The 1912 election had also been a three-way race between Taft, Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt.
) It was also the lowest percentage for a major-party candidate since Alf Landon received only 36.5% of the vote in 1936.
Meanwhile, Perot's nearly 19% of the popular vote made him, in terms of the popular vote, the most successful third-party presidential candidate since Theodore Roosevelt in the 1912 election.
Bush had alienated his conservative base by breaking his 1988 campaign pledge against raising taxes., Gore balanced the Clinton ticket since he was strong on family values and environmental issues., Ross Perot drew 19% of the popular vote, helping Bush to earn only 37%, very low for an incumbent., and All of these answers.
Source: Boundless. “The 1992 Election.” Boundless U.S. History. Boundless, 14 Nov. 2014. Retrieved 26 May. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/textbooks/boundless-u-s-history-textbook/the-challenges-of-globalization-and-the-coming-century-after-1989-31/the-george-h-w-bush-administration-229/the-1992-election-1309-9288/