Emotion is often the driving force behind motivation, both positive or negative.
Compare and contrast motivation and emotion.
Motivation may be rooted in a basic impulse to optimize well-being, minimize physical pain, and maximize pleasure, as well as in specific needs such as eating, sleeping, resting, and sex. It is a drive to behave or act in a certain manner for inner conditions such as wishes, desires, and goals.
Abraham Maslow considered motivation in the form of a hierarchy. Our biological and psychological needs are ordered from "basic" needs to ones involved with higher developed aspects of humanity.
Emotion is the complex psychophysiological experience of an individual's state of mind as it is interacting with biochemical (internal) and environmental (external) influences.
There are six basic types of emotions expressed in faces: sadness, happiness, disgust, surprise, anger, and fear, which are independent of culture and language, meaning they are natural to all humans.
According to Klaus Scherer's components processing model of emotion, action tendencies (a motivational component for the preparation of direction of motor responses) is one of five crucial elements of emotion.
The complex psychophysiological experience of an individual's state of mind as it is interacting with biochemical (internal) and environmental (external) influences.
Motivation and Emotion are distinct concepts of psychological experiences. The two can be related; for example, one can cause an occurrence of the other. When we win at a sporting event, the motivation (drive) to win leads to the emotion of joy. Similarly, losing at a sporting event will likely spark the emotions of sadness and frustration, and could lead to be motivation to win the next time the opportunity arises.
Motivation may be rooted in a basic impulse to optimize well-being, minimize physical pain, and maximize pleasure. It can also arise from specific physical needs such as eating, sleeping, resting, and sex. Motivation is an inner drive to behave, or act, in a certain manner. This drive allows us to satisfy inner conditions such as wishes, desires, and goals.
Motivation is commonly broken into drives and motives. Drives are acts of motivation like thirst or hunger that have primarily biological purposes. Motives, on the other hand, are driven by primarily social and psychological mechanisms. Two methodologies used to manipulate drives and motives are stimulation and deprivation. Stimulation is when motives are initiated by aversivesignals like shocks, loud noise, heat, or coldness; or activated by positive signals which lead to pleasing states, such as sexual drive. Deprivation is the prohibition or restriction of access to elementary aspects of biological or psychological health, such as nutrition or social contacts.
Abraham Maslow's (1908-1970) theory of motivations is divided into two kinds of branches: defected motivation, which brings humans to reconsider their psychical and physical development; and adolescence motivation, which allows people to pass through old events and states in their personal development. This theory developed into the hierarchy of needs which states that only unsatisfied needs influence behavior, whereas satisfied needs do not. Needs are arranged in order of importance to human life, from the basic to the complex . If lower needs are not satisfied, such as biological needs, then we are ruled by those needs until they are satisfied. Once they are satisfied in an adequate manner, we then deal with the higher needs which tend to be more psycho-social and culturally influenced.
Emotion, in comparison, is the complex psycho-physiological experience of an individual's state of mind as it is interacting with biochemical (internal) and environmental (external) influences. One interpretation views emotions as 'action schemes', which most notably lead to certain behavior which is essential for survival. This is different than the view that emotions are merely subjective.
Emotions are also different than moods. A mood refers to a situation where an emotion occurs frequently or continuously. As an example, fear is an emotion, whereas anxiety is a mood. Fear occurs in a moment, whereas anxiety is the frequent feeling of fear or unease.
Studies have determined that there are six basic types of emotions expressed in the human face: sadness, happiness, disgust, surprise, anger, and fear . These six facial expressions have been found to be independent of culture and language, and are thus thought to be naturally-occurring and universal across human beings.
Emotion is often the driving force behind motivation, positive or negative. An alternative definition of emotion is a "positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity. " In Klaus Scherer's components processing model of emotion, five crucial elements of emotion are said to exist: cognitive appraisal, bodily symptoms, action tendencies, expression, and feelings. The third of these elements, action tendencies, describe a motivational component for the preparation of direction of motor responses.
More contemporary views along the evolutionary psychology spectrum posit that both basic emotions and social emotions evolved to motivate (social) behaviors that were adaptive in the ancestral environment. For example, shame and pride can motivate behaviors that help one maintain one's standing in a community, and self-esteem is one's estimate of one's status.