A state of the United States of America and former colony.
The British captured New Netherland from the Dutch August 27, 1664. The capture was confirmed by the Treaty of Breda in July, 1667, in exchange for the Isle of Rum in the East Indies.
In March, 1665, the Duke of York was granted a Royal colony which included New Netherland and present-day Maine. The New Netherland claim included western parts of present-day Massachusetts, putting the new province in conflict with the Massachusetts charter. The Duke of York never visited his colony, named New York in his honor, and exercised little direct control over it. He decided to administer his government through governors, councils, and other officers appointed by him. No provision was made for an elected assembly, so none was created until October 1683, the last in the English colonies.
In 1665, the Province of New Jersey was created from a portion of New York, but the border was not finalized until 1765. In 1667, territories between the Byram River and Connecticut River were split off to become the western half of Connecticut .
In July 1673, a Dutch fleet recaptured New York and held it until it was traded to the English by the Treaty of Westminster. New York became a royal province in February of 1685 when its proprietor, the Duke of York, was crowned King James II of England.
The British continued the Dutch policy of welcoming dissenting Christian sects, including the Huguenot founders of New Rochelle. The British also replaced the Dutch in their alliance with the Iroquois against New France with an agreement called the Covenant Chain.