The Indus River Valley Civilization, located in modern Pakistan,
was one of the world’s three earliest widespread societies.
The Indus River Valley Civilization (IVC) contained urban centers with
well-conceived and organized infrastructure, architecture, and systems of governance.
The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan, included
its own advanced technology, economy, and culture.
The Indus Valley Civilization declined around 1800 BCE due to climate
change and migration.