The American Psychological Association’s Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology is one of the most prestigious prizes in the field of psychology. The inaugural APA prize went to Otto Klineberg, a Canadian-born psychologist who had provided key expert testimony in the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education, which banned school segregation.
In 2002 Daniel Kahneman became the first psychologist to win the Nobel Prize — though not in psychology (there is no such prize) but in economics, for his work in applying psychological insights to economic theory. Born in Tel Aviv, Kahneman grew up in France but returned to Palestine in 1948 just before the creation of Israel. He came to the U.S. in 1958 to study psychology at Berkeley.