If you’re visiting the United States for business or pleasure on a B-1/B-2 visitor visa and you recently married a U.S. citizen or green card holder (permanent resident), you can apply for a marriage visa to live with your spouse in the United States.
As a B-1/B-2 visitor, you could potentially apply for a green card from within the United States, a process known as “adjustment of status” (AOS). You can also apply from your home country using consular processing. In this guide we’ll cover both options to help you determine the best approach, and to avoid common pitfalls that could affect your green card application.
You’ll learn about:
1. The differences between Adjustment of Status and consular processing
2. What the 90-day rule means for B-1/B-2 visa hoders
3. The two paths to a marriage green card
4. Traveling to the U.S. with a pending green card application
5. What happens after your green card is approved
6. Special considerations for B-1/B-2 visa holders
Applying for a green card is a big step, and the immigration process can be confusing. For the flat rate of $950, Boundless helps you complete your entire marriage-based green card (spousal visa) application — including all required forms and supporting documents, independent attorney review, and support. Learn more, or check your eligibility without providing any personal or financial information.
Marriage-based green cards can be issued either through Adjustment of Status (for applicants already in the United States) or consular processing (for applicants outside the United States). The visa application processes are similar in many ways, but there are also important differences between the two. Learn more about these two options with our in-depth guide.
Whatever path you take, applying for a green card is a momentous decision. At Boundless, we take your immigration needs just as seriously as you do, and we’re here to help you every step of the way. Learn more about what we can offer, or check your eligibility for a marriage green card today.
Figuring out whether to use AOS or consular processing can be complicated, and making the right choice will depend on your personal situation. It’s especially important to understand that while B-1/B-2 visa holders can sometimes use AOS to apply for a green card, they may face extra scrutiny when they do so.
That’s because when you enter the United States on a B-1/B-2 visa, you’re declaring your intention to return home before your period of admittance expires. If you instead remain in the United States and begin the AOS process, you could find yourself quizzed over whether you misrepresented your intentions when you first entered the country. If a USCIS officer decides you deliberately lied, they could reject your green card application and revoke your temporary visa.
To avoid that situation, it’s important to understand the 90-day rule used by USCIS officers. This guideline states that temporary visa holders who file a green card application within 90 days of arriving in the United States are presumed to have “willfully misrepresented” their intentions.
USCIS officers can decide for themselves whether you misrepresented your intentions, so you may still be able to convince them that you were truthful. Still, it’s best to avoid triggering such scrutiny in the first place. Waiting 91 days or more after your most recent entry before filing your green card application can help ensure your application proceeds smoothly.
Don’t cut corners when preparing your green card application. With Boundless, you get the confidence of an independent immigration attorney who will review all of your application materials and answer any questions you have — for no additional fee. Learn more about what you get with Boundless, or check your eligibility for free.
As a B-1/B-2 visa holder, your route to a marriage green card will differ depending on whether your spouse is a U.S. citizen or a green card holder.
Let’s look at both pathways in more detail:
Path 1: If you’re married to a U.S. citizen
If you’ve married a U.S. citizen and plan to apply for a green card via Adjustment of Status, you’ll follow the same procedure used by most other spouses living in the United States and married to a U.S. citizen.
You and your spouse will first need to file the following forms — typically at the same time (filing these separately is an option but would be unusual in most cases):
- The family sponsorship form — or Form I-130 (officially called the “Petition for Alien Relative”) — to be completed and signed by your spouse who is a U.S. citizen
- The green card application — or Form I-485 (officially called the “Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status”) — to be completed and signed by you, the B-1/B-2 visitor.
As long as you married your U.S.-citizen spouse “in good faith” — that is, you did not marry for the sole purpose of obtaining a green card, which you’ll need to prove to the U.S. government — you should be able to receive your green card within 10 to 13 months from the time USCIS receives your application package.
Remember, as a B-1/B-2 visitor you’ll also want to make sure you don’t trigger the 90-day rule, which could lead to a determination that you misrepresented your intentions when you first entered the United States.
As a B-1/B-2 visa holder, you also have the option of returning to your home country and completing your green card application via consular processing. In this case, your application will be processed by your local U.S. consulate or embassy. You’ll pay slightly lower fees and typically face a somewhat longer wait before you receive your green card. Read the Boundless guide for spouses living abroad and married to a U.S. citizen for full details on how to complete an application by consular processing.
For the flat rate of $950, Boundless helps you complete your entire marriage-based green card (spousal visa) application — including all required forms and supporting documents, independent attorney review, and support — from the moment your application is filed until you receive your green card. Learn more, or check your eligibility without providing any personal or financial information.
Path 2: If you’re married to a green card holder
If you’ve married a green card holder and plan to apply for a green card via Adjustment of Status, your spouse must file the family sponsorship form, or Form I-130 (officially called the “Petition for Alien Relative”). Once the Form I-130 is approved, you must wait to receive a visa number. Only once your visa number becomes available will you be able to apply for a marriage-based green card. (Visa numbers are immediately available to spouses of U.S. citizens but not to spouses of green card holders.)
The next step depends on whether your visa number becomes available before or after your B-1/B-2 visa expires:
If a visa number becomes available before your visa expires, you will be able to stay in the United States and follow the same green card application process for most other spouses living in the United States and married to a green card holder using Form I-485 (officially called the “Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status”). Once your marriage-based green card application is approved, your physical green card will arrive, typically 29 to 38 months after USCIS originally received your Form I-130.
If a visa number will become available after your visa expires, you will need to leave the United States and use consular processing, following the same green card application process for most other spouses living abroad and married to a green card holder. Once your marriage-based green card application is approved, you will typically receive your physical green card 23 to 32 months after USCIS originally received your Form I-130.
You must follow this procedure unless you can secure an extension of your B-1/B-2 visa or get a different type of temporary visa (such as an F-1 student visa) to stay legally in the United States, in which case you must follow the the process for spouses living in the United States and married to a green card holder.
Remember, if your green card holder spouse becomes a U.S. citizen while you are waiting for a visa number, you can switch to the process for spouses of U.S. citizens, as described above, even if you’ve already begun the application process.
If you or your spouse recently became eligible for U.S. citizenship, let Boundless guide you through the naturalization process from start to finish. Learn more about what we offer, or check whether you’re eligible to become a U.S. citizen.
If you begin or complete your green card application from your home country using consular processing, you’ll avoid any issues with the 90-day rule. But you could still face scrutiny if you try to visit your spouse in the United States while your application is pending.
That’s because the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer you meet upon arrival may decide that your green card application shows your intent to move permanently to the United States. In such a case, your B-1/B-2 visa might be revoked, and you might be denied entry to the country. Make sure you understand the risks, and the precautions you can take, before deciding to travel to the United States.
Whatever you do, don’t lie about your intentions, and don’t conceal the fact that you’re married to a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. Doing so could put your green card application at risk.
If you begin your application from the United States using AOS, you’ll need an “advance parole” travel document if you want to travel abroad while your application is pending, even if you still have a valid visitor visa. Make sure you fully understand this process before leaving the country, since your application could be terminated if you slip up.
When it comes to getting a marriage green card, missteps can cause major headaches. For the flat rate of $950, Boundless helps you complete your entire marriage-based green card (spousal visa) application — including all required forms and supporting documents, independent attorney review, and support. Learn more, or check your eligibility without providing any personal or financial information.
If you’re used to traveling back and forth between the United States and your home country on a B-1/B-2 visa, it’s important to understand that as a green card holder, you will be expected to permanently leave your home country to live in the United States. Leaving for an extended period, or traveling so frequently that you cast doubt on your U.S. residence, could put you at risk of losing your green card.
If you don’t plan to live in the United States permanently after being issued a green card, you might want to reconsider your options — or to postpone your application until you are ready to permanently relocate.
After maintaining your green card for 5 years (or 3 years, if you married a U.S. citizen) you’ll be eligible for U.S. citizenship. Check your eligibility for citizenship now, or learn more about how Boundless can help you plan your future in the United States. Ready to get started?
1) Don’t forget your B-1/B-2 visa extension. If you’re on a 6-month visitor visa, you may be able to request an additional 6-month extension to your stay without leaving the country. It’s best to file either an extension or AOS request before your current visitor visa expires to ensure you don’t fall out of status. If you do wind up slipping out of status, check with a lawyer before leaving the country to make sure you understand the implications for your green card application.
Boundless can help you avoid costly errors by connecting you with an independent attorney who will fully review your application and help you gather all the required documents. Learn more about how Boundless can streamline your immigration journey, or find out if you’re eligible.
2) Avoid travel trouble. If you’ve already married a U.S. citizen or green card holder, you might be tempted to simply keep using your B-1/B-2 visa instead of seeking a green card, especially if you don’t plan to permanently relocate to the United States. Be aware that CBP officers may be skeptical about your intentions, and could even refuse you entry upon hearing that you’re married to a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. The duration between visits and the strength of your ties to your home country could shape how your case is viewed.
A green card can help simplify your visa situation, and Boundless helps make the process of applying easy and hassle-free. Learn more about how we can help, or check your eligibility for a marriage green card.
3) Consider the K visa. If you haven’t yet gotten married, but will be traveling to the United States for your wedding, consider using a K visa instead of a B-1/B-2 visa. The K visa is a dedicated fiance(e) visa that will eliminate any awkward questions about your intentions, and that provides a clear pathway for seeking a green card through AOS, without leaving the United States, after your wedding.